Many of the infertility causes in men can be cured or at the very least, alleviated to help with conception. It is important, once you begin experiencing problems, to visit your doctor for a thorough examination and to find out what the problem is. They might be able to help you.
Three known male infertility causes men need to be aware of
There are many causes of infertility that men can experience. The following are just three of the causes that could possibly be affecting your chances of conceiving.
- Low sperm counts and poor sperm quality
A low sperm count and poor sperm quality (either together or separately) are the most common causes of infertility in men. A low sperm count is also referred to as Oligospermia and is when it reads less than 20 million per millilitre.
Azoospermia refers to the complete lack of sperm. This can be caused by an obstruction somewhere along the passages through which the sperm passes. Poor sperm mobility, or Asthenospermia, is where the sperm does not move fast enough or does not move in a straight line. This may be caused by a genetic defect. The problem with poor sperm mobility is that the sperm may not be able to permeate the hard outer shell of the egg.
There is also a risk, if an individual does manage to conceive a child with Asthenospermia, that any genetic conditions that caused the Asthenospermia may be passed on to the child. Abnormal sperm morphology, or Teratospermia, is where the sperm is an abnormal size and/or shape. An abnormally small or large sperm, or an abnormally shaped sperm, cannot fertilise an egg.
- Retrograde Ejaculation
When the muscles of the bladder wall do not function properly during ejaculation, sperm is forced backwards into the bladder rather than out of the penis. This affects the quality of the sperm.
There are several things that could cause retrograde ejaculation including surgery to the prostate or to the lower part of the bladder, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, spinal cord surgery or injury, tranquilizers, some antipsychotics, certain blood pressure medications and aging.
- Structural abnormalities
Any abnormalities in structure of the reproductive organs that block or damage the testes, tubes or other structures may definitely affect the individual’s chances of reproducing. Cryptorchidism is where the testes will fail to descend from the abdomen into the scrotum. This usually occurs in infant children.
This usually leads to mild to severe impairment of sperm production. Hypospadias is a birth defect where the urinary opening is underneath the penis. This can lead to sperm not being able to reach the uterus. This can be fixed with surgery.
Another structural abnormality is where the tubes that transport the sperm are blocked. Some individuals are born with defects where they have blockages in the epididymis or ejaculatory ducts. This can inhibit the chances of a man getting a woman pregnant.
If you think that you may have one of the above problems relating to fertility, you should definitely make an appointment to see your doctor. Your doctor may refer you to a specialist who will confirm whether or not you have one of the known male infertility causes and will help you to treat it. It is important, if you are trying to conceive, to make sure that your lifestyle is one that is healthy and conducive to successful reproduction.
This means stopping excessive drinking and smoking and checking that any medication that you may be on will not affect your chances of reproducing. It is important to commit to eating healthily and taking care of your body.