According to experts, infertility is caused by several factors. Medical conditions like thyroid, diabetes issues, reproductive disorders and medications. Endometriosis is one of the reproductive disorders that cause infertility and the 5 known endometriosis symptoms listed below will help you better understand this common complication.
This disorder affects millions of women across the globe and is the most widespread known reasons of infertility in women.
What is Endometriosis?
Endometriosis is simply defined as grow in the endometrial tissue (uterine lining) on the reproductive system’s other organs. A woman’s body produces hormones every month during the menstruation.
The uterine lining reacts to these hormones and shed off through the menstruation period. When the uterine lining (endometrial tissue) is outside the uterus, it causes painful menstruation, chronic pain as well as pain during sexual intercourse.
You may have no symptoms but you will realize of this condition when you try to become pregnant.
5 Known Endometriosis Symptoms:
- pelvic pain before, after and during monthly period
- Pain During or after sex
- pain while passing urine
- heavy and irregular menstrual bleeding
Endometriosis exact cause is still unknown and some experts state that it is an inherited disorder. Others argue that if a woman suffers from this disorder she may have a hormonal or an immune condition that will propagate the development of endometrial tissue on other organs. These growths commonly occur in the ovaries, pelvic cavity and the fallopian tubes.
However, this growth is not limited to only those areas as it has been found in other organs such as the kidney, old surgery scars, brain, lungs and the bladder but the growth commonly affects the reproductive system.
Endometriosis is also said to be transferred during surgery as seen in some endometriosis implants can be seen in surgery scars.
Who is affected?
Endometriosis normally tends to affect women in their prime child bearing period. That is between the age of twenty to thirty although women at later ages and young girls with as low as eleven years have also been reported to suffer from the disorder.
According to statistics between 20 to 50% of all women with infertility issues suffer from this disorder. Over 80 percent of all women who experience pelvic pain are affected by this condition. White women are more prone than African women to suffer from this condition.
Researchers have found endometriosis to most affect ladies with a lower body mass index. Further women who delay pregnancy until older age are increasing their chance of developing this disorder.
There is no physical examination that can be conducted to determine this condition. Similarly, symptoms alone cannot be used to diagnose this disorder. The doctors conduct a manual diagnosis both rectally and vaginally to determine any traces of endometrial growths. After which an x-ray is done to check for any growths in the pelvic areas. In case of any growth the x-ray looks like cobwebs.
Endometriosis thankfully is not fatal; however, it can make the life of the person suffering very painful and difficult to bear. Laparoscopy is normally the last diagnosis and most women feel it’s the best option to take.
Treatments for Endometriosis
It is important also to stress the fact that most women experience partial endometriosis and should seek medical treatment before the growths take root. After all diagnosis then treatment should start. Endometriosis treatment varies from one person to another. It involves medication and even surgery to remove the growth.
Medication involves pain relief as well as boosting fertility. In cases where the drugs help in relieving the pain no further medication should be sought. If the pain still persists then more evaluation as well as treatment should be conducted.
Drugs that prevent the production of the hormones that causes menstruation may be give to a patient and will help stop the menstrual period. However there are several side effects associated with these methods which include vaginal dryness, fatigue, hot flushes, excessive bleeding and mood changes.
It has also been noted that women suffering from this disorder are at a higher risk of contracting several types of cancer such as cancer of the ovary.
Women should be very careful when they spot the above mentioned symptoms and should consult a doctor immediately. If they happen to be found suffering from this condition they should know that it is not fatal. However they should be wise of the treatment they choose to undertake.